NEVI IN CHILDREN

The nevi in children, the olives that may but are of genetic or occur during the life of a child.

Regularly monitor the evolution of nevi and if anyone present change in color, size, shape, texture or the child has itching, inform the dermatologist. In any case care for the sun protection of the child. Very rarely warts may develop into melanoma. The risk of this is higher in children who have more than 50 moles on their body that have nevi with a diameter of more than half a centimeter or family history of skin cancer.

When we intervene

Most warts do not require removal. Reasons to intervene are the above signs and the size. Some warts however, can cause aesthetic problem when it is big and located in visible places, such as the face, because they have the ability to grow along with the child. That this theory is best removed after the age of 10 years.

Mongoloid spots

Are extensive flat patches of skin that have a dark blue color and resemble bruises. You can see them on the back or the baby’s buttocks and is most common in infants with dark skin and is not something that should worry you because it is irrelevant.

What do we have to do:

Wait, why Mongoloid spots disappear by the age of 6 years.

PIGMENTED SPOTS

There are pigmented spots that can be congenital or appear later, usually by exposing the child to the sun. They can occur anywhere on the face or body, while the size and the hue varies from light brown to dark brown or black. If the child is over six spots larger than half a centimeter each, must inform the pediatrician because it must be checked for a congenital disease called neurofibromatosis.

What to do and when we intervene

Apart from sun protection to be applied so anyway, you need not do anything else.

Only if retinitis spot is great and to the point that creates an aesthetic problem, such as the face, with Laser for pigmented lesions.

FRECKLES

Are small dark spots that appear at an early age, usually from 2 onwards, mainly in places exposed of sun. Are usually hereditary. They prefer children with white skin and open characteristics.

What to do – when we intervene

Because freckles become larger and darker with sun exposure, sunscreen protection should be increased throughout the year. Usually we do not intervene. But if the freckles are great, too dense and intense, we use the Laser for pigmented lesions.

ACHROMIC SPOTS

There are usually congenital, but probably not watch the parents because newborns have very white skin and thus cannot be seen. But as the child grows and the skin from exposure to the sun darkens, the achromiki spot can become visible. A achromiki stain is birthmark does not change position. But changes size after it grows with the child. If it grows faster, we should look for to exclude vitiligo.

What to do and when we intervene

The achromikes spots require constant monitoring. We also know that, because at this point there is no melanin, the child may burn more easily than what the rest of the skin and therefore, when exposed to the sun, should put more sunscreen with a high protection factor at this point. Usually we do not intervene. There is also possibility to normal color in this slowly revert over time area and exposure to the sun, i.e. be activated melanocytes and v start producing the necessary melanin.