The eczema and dermatitis are two terms used to describe inflammation of the skin commonly broadly similar characteristics and histology. Usually we use the term eczema when you do not know the etiology and pathophysiology of dermatitis.
There are many forms of dermatitis and the classification is done according to the pathophysiological mechanism and the ground in the following categories irritant contact dermatitis. This is the most common form of dermatitis with classical localization hands and cause the harmful influence of external factors that come into direct contact with the skin and irritate inviting inflammation. If irritation is severe (eg with strong acids), the damage occurs in a short time and has strongly acute dermatitis characteristics. Common causes include hypersecretion of water washing, the cold and dry air, various paints and solvents, building materials such as cement and lime, the tile adhesive, rubber and plastics, soaps, and antiseptics and others.
Allergic contact dermatitis, rarer than the previous, but equally important. Here exogenous factors motivate immunological mechanism, sensitive skin and every time you come into contact with the harmful substance appears inflamed. Very common causes include metals such as chromium and nickel, which blends are too many objects with simpler currencies, fur and animal secretions, medicines, perfumes and cosmetics, and more.
Atopic dermatitis, chronic form with hereditary predisposition, characteristic skin dryness typically starts in childhood and is associated with allergic rhinitis, conjunctivitis and bronchial asthma.
Other forms of dermatitis, particularly localization and causality characteristics are dermatitis of stasis, the nomismatoeides eczema, perioral dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, eczema dysidrosiko, etc.
Ways of dealing with:
The treatment aims at removal of factors that exacerbate the disease, e.g. relieve itching. This will prevent scratching, leading to skin damage and to eliminate infections. Apart from any form of therapy, it is particularly important to understand patients and their environment that eczema is a chronic disease and therefore requires ongoing treatment to achieve adequate therapeutic control. Although there is no cure for eczema, treatment properly can reduce dryness and irritation of the skin. Daily moisturizing of the skin may be the most effective way to control eczema and should become part of the daily routine. Dry skin can make eczema worse. For this reason, keep your skin moisturized would be important. After the bath you can keep your skin moisturized by using emollient creams and lotions.
It is advisable to avoid the use of detergents, because skin irritation can be aggravated. You should use only ordinary water. It is very important to avoid scratching your skin. Scratching your skin can cause skin breakage and infection.
Finally, the use of corticosteroids can control skin inflammation. Regarding dermatitis, therapeutic response, firstly aims to hydrate the skin with emollients, to combat dry skin which is responsible for the intense itching escort.
Subsequently administered medication with antihistamines to control itching, antibiotics to fight secondary infections, and topical corticosteroids (in cream or ointment form) or local inhibitors kasinefrinis for disease control. Topical corticosteroids in cream or ointment form the basis of the anti-inflammatory therapy (i.e. act to reduce inflammation) and are among the most effective drugs against the dermatitis outbreaks.
When will appear the first results
Within 10 days from the use of medicines following the instructions of your doctor.