ATOPIC DERMATITIS

The atopic dermatitis, known to us all eczema is a nightmare for thousands of our compatriots and millions of people worldwide.

Chronic this inflammatory skin disorder, affecting 15-30% of children and 2-10% of adults, and the outbreaks of plagues person, dramatically degrading the quality of life. According to experts, 60% of patients suffering from atopic dermatitis symptoms of the disease within the first year of life. Even higher percentage (85%) displaying symptoms before they close five years of life. In many cases the symptoms disappear with adulthood, but if they remain become more severe and persistent.

How and manifested

The disease is manifested by recurrent episodes of inflammation of the skin and severe pruritus, characterized by exacerbation and remission periods (during which the skin shows a normal image). The intense itching may cause secondary infections by bacteria or fungi, which may “invade” the injured due to scratching the skin.

Atopic dermatitis can occur in any area of ​​the body, but some areas are affected more often than others. Children atopic dermatitis usually appears as a rash on the face before it spreads to the arms and legs. Older children and adults are likely initially to observe red, sensitive areas of the skin behind the knees, elbows and neck, wrists, ankles and hands. Also, the skin can be affected around the eyebrows and eyes.

Causes

The exact causes of the disease is not fully understood, but it is now known that chronic atopic dermatitis is a combination of interactions between:

Impaired barrier function of the skin.

Immunological factors.

Environmental factors.

Genetic predisposition.

Moreover, there are some other allergens that affect the appearance of the disease outbreak, such as:

Woolen clothes from rough fabrics

Plants and pollen

Bleach and other chemical agents

Ways of dealing with

In recent decades, the “classical” treatment of atopic dermatitis was administration of corticosteroids to relieve the patient from disease outbreaks. However, this category is a significant proportion of side effects, particularly when administered in large doses or when used long. On these side effects include thinning of the skin and desensitization of patients undergoing prolonged treatment.

Proper care includes hydration and use of topical compositions of nonsteroidal (kalsinefrinsi inhibitors) in recessions only in times locally sterodeidi exacerbation briefly.